Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is the surgical operation done through small incisions (ports) of 5 to 10 mm diameter with the help of specialized instruments and endoscopes. Unlike an open surgery in which large areas of a patient’s body have to be cut off, laparoscopic surgery requires only small incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient. The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a monitor. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the gas most commonly used to inflate the body cavities during laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopy has marvelous characteristic including:

Significantly less pain
Less blood loss and need for transfusion
Less risk of infection
Shorter hospital stay
Quicker recovery and return to normal activities
Small incisions for minimal scarring
Better outcomes and patient satisfaction in many cases